Egyptian government defends the “Protocols of the Elders of Zion” as art

November 05, 2002

* This dispatch concerns The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, the notorious anti-Semitic forgery which still has so much negative impact



1. "A 'heated campaign' against 'Egyptian art'"
2. "The road to Auschwitz was mapped in large part by the 'Protocols'"
3. The "Protocols" now serialized in a New Jersey newspaper
4. "Vile" (Editorial, The Times Dispatch, Richmond (VA), Oct. 31, 2002)
5. "Egyptian government spokesman defends TV series based on Protocols of Elders of Zion" (AP, Nov. 5, 2002)
6. Extracts of editorial from "Al Akhbar" (Nov. 3, 2002)
7. Extracts of editorial in "The Egyptian Gazette" (By Ramadan Abdel Kader, Nov. 3, 2002)
8. Extracts of editorial in "The Egyptian Gazette" (By Mohsen Arishie, Nov. 3, 2002)
9. Extracts of editorial in Yediot Ahronot (Oct. 30, 2002)
10. "U.S. objects to 'Protocols' on Egyptian TV" (New York Times, Nov. 1, 2002)
11. "Campaign against Egyptian TV series is intellectual terrorism daily" (AFP, Nov. 4, 2002)
12. "The Paterson Protocols" (New York Post, Nov. 5, 2002)
13. "The Protocols of the Elders of Zion in Palestinian Authority ideology" (By Itamar Marcus, PMW, Nov. 2002).


[Note by Tom Gross]

This is a follow-up to the dispatch of October 28, 2002 on the 41-part televised version of the anti-Semitic Tsarist tract, the Protocols of the Elders of Zion, a forgery that helped pave the way for the Holocaust.

Scenes from the Egyptian-made film can be viewed on the website of Palestinian Media Watch at


I attach various commentaries. Please note item 9 the Protocols have now reached New Jersey:

1. An editorial from 'The Times Dispatch' (Richmond, VA) entitled "Vile". The paper notes that "The road to Auschwitz was mapped in large part by the "Protocols" and calls on Egypt not to "dispense such filth."

2. "Egyptian government spokesman defends TV series based on Protocols of Elders of Zion" (The Associated Press, November 5, 2002). Egyptian government spokesman Nabil Osman today (November 5, 2002) criticized as "an immature unintelligent attitude" those whom he said prejudged as anti-Semitic a television series based on the Protocols of the Elders of Zion. He told some 200 artists gathered to show their support for him that "Israelis liked the Protocols' ideas and implemented them".

3. Extracts of editorial from "Al Akhbar" (Cairo), November 3, 2002, which criticizes the "heated campaign" against "Egyptian art".

4. Extracts of editorial in "The Egyptian Gazette" by Ramadan Abdel Kader (November 3, 2002) who writes "Controversy is not unusual for local TV soaps aired during the lunar Muslim month of Ramadan."

5. Extracts of editorial in "The Egyptian Gazette" by Mohsen Arishie, who states that the program "is not an anti-Semitic drama by any stretch of the imagination".


6. Extracts of editorial in Yediot Ahronot (Tel Aviv), October 30, 2002, which states: "Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, could, if he wanted to, prevent the documentary from being aired... That Mubarak isn't doing so is because he sees in this horrific anti-Semitic propaganda a legitimate expression of fundamentalist Islam, growing in the Egyptian street."

7. "U.S. objects to 'Protocols' on Egyptian TV" (The New York Times, November 1, 2002). The United States government has expressed concern to Egypt and other Arab governments about their plans to broadcast a television series in November that an American official said draws on "racist and untrue" sources.

8. "Campaign against Egyptian TV series is intellectual terrorism daily" (Agence France Presse, as carried in the Jordan Times, November 4, 2002)

9. "The Paterson Protocols" (The New York Post, November 5, 2002). Reveals that an Arabic-language version of "The Protocols of the Elders of Zion" is currently being serialized in the New Jersey newspaper, the Arab Voice.

10. "The Protocols of the Elders of Zion in Palestinian Authority ideology" (By Itamar Marcus, PMW special report 41, November 2002).

-- Tom Gross



The Times Dispatch, Richmond (VA)
October 31, 2002

Egypt's state television will celebrate Ramadan Islam's holiest month by broadcasting a series based on "The Protocols of the Elders of Zion." The "Protocols" which of course are bogus long have played a crucial role in fomenting anti-Semitism.

The forgeries blame just about everything on Jews. They promote ancient lies and have been cited by modern dictators and tyrants. The road to Auschwitz was mapped in large part by the "Protocols."

Egypt supposedly ranks among the "moderate" Arab and Islamic states. Cairo considers itself a leader of the Arab bloc. The Egyptian tube will be dispensing such filth.

This is not a question of freedom of speech (Egypt, like all Islamic countries, doesn't have a First Amendment worthy of the name). The series is slated for official television. It will carry the regime's imprimatur.

The disgrace comes as no surprise.

The Arab and Islamic worlds daily spout anti-Semitic poison. At the Durban conference on "human rights," its delegates regaled participants with anti-Semitic drawings and tracts Goebbels would have rejected as too crude. After Yasser Arafat agreed to the Clinton-brokered Wye Accords with Israel, a newspaper associated with the Palestinian Authority said: "Corruption is part of the nature of the Jews. So much so that it is only on rare occasions that one finds corruption in which Jews were not behind it." Palestine TV broadcast a show that said, "There is not light or teaching in their Torah." The mufti of Jerusalem and countless imams routinely thunder against Jews and demand Jewish blood. Phony Islamic scholars claim there is no Jewish connection to Jerusalem. The list goes on.

Will authoritative voices from within the "religion of peace" not only demand that Egypt spike the show but call for an end to the libels and slanders and to the enormities encouraged by hatred of Jews?



Egyptian government spokesman defends TV series based on Protocols of Elders of Zion
The Associated Press
November 5, 2002

Government spokesman Nabil Osman Tuesday criticized as "an immature unintelligent attitude" those whom he said prejudged as anti-Semitic a television series based on the Protocols of the Elders of Zion, an infamous fictional anti-Semitic tract .

Egyptian state television is scheduled to broadcast the 40-episode "Horseman Without a Horse" from Wednesday, the first day of Ramadan, Islam's holiest month during which Muslims refrain from food, water, smoking and sex from dawn to dusk.

"Prejudging a work of art, a dramatic series, before seeing the actual production is simply an immature unintelligent attitude," Osman said in a statement faxed to The Associated Press.

Israeli media and Jewish groups have criticized the series and the United States requested that Egypt cancels its broadcast. Well-known Egyptian actor Mohammed Sobhi is the producer and star of the series.

Sobhi on Monday said he agreed with historians who have long dismissed the Protocols as a forgery concocted by Russian Czar Nicholas II's secret police to blame the country's problems on Jews. But he told some 200 artists gathered to show their support for him that Israelis liked the Protocols' ideas and implemented them.

Osman, also chairman of the State Information Service, said any nation should not put "restrictions on artistic creativity or freedom of expression and opinion whether based on facts or fiction as both are basic for human rights."

"Egyptian media, art and culture, over history, have never adopted any hostile attitude toward any religion or creed."



Editorial by Galal Dowidar
Al Akhbar
November 3, 2002

On the controversy taking place at present over the Egyptian television series "Knight without a Horse", due to be shown in Ramadan, which both Israel and the Jewish lobby in the US brand as racist and anti-Semitic:

The heated campaign now launched by the Israeli and the American media against Egyptian art is liable to be subsumed only as a blackmail attempt, one of many Israel has been prone to stage against the international community in general and the Arab world in particular. It is an attempt made to cover up on Tel Aviv's crimes in the occupied territories. The Israelis want submission, indeed to have the world endorse their crimes; crimes that leave dead behind them helpless children, women and old people, whom Israel will force to relinquish their lands, let alone their dignity and freedom. To Israel and to the Jewish lobby in the US, I have only this to say: "Neither Egyptian nor Arab art need to be led along; art will have no guardians. Freedom and Democracy must be divorced from oppression, nor will they have denied them the principles upon which are based human rights and International Law."



By Ramadan Abdel Kader
The Egyptian Gazette
November 3, 2002

Controversy is not unusual for local TV soaps aired during the lunar Muslim month of Ramadan, which starts this year on Tuesday or Wednesday. Last year, the family drama "Family of Haj Metwalli" ignited a huge controversy allegedly for prompting polygamy. A similar uproar was stirred the year before on "The Blossom of Roses", a TV series which broke ground in addressing Muslim-Coptic relations.

Such furor was limited to the local or regional boundaries. But even before going on the air, "A Knight Without a Horse", slated for broadcast during the upcoming Ramadan, is greeted with scathing criticism from the US. The series, starring top comic Mohammed Sobhi, tells the tale of an Egyptian struggling against the British occupation of the homeland in the late 19th century and the early 20th century. The soap has already raised the hackles in Israel and the US. They have slammed the work as anti-Semitic and an agitation of anti-Jewish feeling, accusations vehemently denied by its makers.

The premature controversy spilled over into the US State Department whose spokesman Richard Boucher the other day urged Arab governments to refrain from broadcasting the show and other programmes "we consider racist and untrue". At the center of the storm is a reference made in the show to "Protocols of the Elders of Zion", a document allegedly outlining a Jewish scheme to dominate the world. Workers on the drama say that their aim is not to prove or disprove the controversial document. Their affirmation has, however, failed to allay the detractors in Israel and the US, which demand the soap be taken off airwaves purportedly for inciting hatred and anti-peace sentiment. The audience has yet to see "A Knight Without a Horse" and make their own judgments.



By Mohsen Arishie
The Egyptian Gazette
November 3, 2002

Egyptian comedian Mohammed Sobhi is the latest victim of Jewish lobbyists. He has received serious threats if he goes ahead with plans to broadcast Knight without a Horse' in the holy month of Ramadan. The lobbyists, who broadened their campaign by complaining officially to the US State Department, believe that the series damages the image of Jews.

Perhaps, the anxieties of the US-based Jewish lobbyists, represented by Anti-Defamation League, ADL, a Jewish rights group, are based on allegations that 'Horsemen Without a Horse' draws heavily from The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, which was said to have inspired the Nazis' anti-Semitic policy Sobhi, a popular comedian in Egypt, dismissed the anxieties of ADL as unfounded.

Despite Sobhi's denial, the Jewish lobbyists increased pressure on the administration of US President George W. Bush to intervene in the controversy.

In a letter to Secretary of State Colin Powell, the outraged ADL connected Sobhi's series to what they claimed to be 'latest manifestation of an ongoing pattern of anti-Semitic incitement in the Egyptian media."

US State Department spokesman, Richard Boucher, admitted that his government had complained to Egypt and other countries in the Middle East about plans to broadcast the series. Washington, moreover, admitted that it was unhappy with the programme, which it believed to have been "drawn from racist and untrue" sources.

ADL's worries about 'latest manifestation of an ongoing incitement in the Egyptian media' should arouse curiosity. The ADL cannot be referring to pictures in the Egyptian press of the systematic brutal massacres committed by Israelis against the Palestinian people who are prisoners in their own homes. If so, Egyptian press should not be totally to blame in this respect. ADL should widen its attack to reach the world media, which also published front-page pictures about Palestinian children killed under the rubble of homes demolished by Israeli tanks and helicopter missiles.

The absurdity of this furor lies in ADL's warning that "the series could have a broader impact beyond Egypt. ADL should mean that 'Horsemen Without a Horse' would be broadcast around the Middle East and therefore millions of viewers would watch it during Ramadan. Does ADL suggest that selected viewers should watch the series and others should be denied this piece of television drama? If so, what criteria or standards would be enforced to abort attempts by unfortunate viewers to protest against the violation of their freedom of expression, which naturally includes what they believe is appealing to their tastes, especially when 'the appealing drama' in question implies no attack on the religions of others. Egypt's Minister of Information Safwat el-Sherif emphasized that the media policy in Egypt rejects a dramatic work, a documentary or a programme that contains any references that harm sacred religious values." These plain words strongly assert that 'Knight Without a Horse' is not an anti-Semitic drama by any stretch of the imagination.



Yediot Ahronot
October 30, 2002

The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, a provocative publication by Tsarist Russia's secret police, were abandoned after the Holocaust in most countries on both sides of the iron curtain. However, this is not the case in the Arab world. There the Protocols of Zion are distributed as scientific material many Arab leaders believe in their truth... Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, could, if he wanted to, prevent the documentary from being aired... That Mubarak isn't doing so is because He sees in this horrific anti-Semitic propaganda a legitimate expression of fundamentalist Islam, growing in the Egyptian street. Mubarak is mistaken. Encouraging anti-Semitism has never saved any regime. The Protocols of Zion were part of a Tsarist incitement project whose slogan was 'Strike the Jews, and save Russia'. The Jews were indeed struck with pogrom after pogrom until they began to make their way to the Land of Israel. However, Tsarist Russia did not survive; this hatred is "contravenes in spirit and content not only the peace agreement with Israel, but all human values as well.



U.S. objects to 'Protocols' on Egyptian TV
By Steven R. Weisman
The New York Times
November 1, 2002

The United States has expressed concern to Egypt and other Arab governments about their plans to broadcast a television series in November that an American official said draws on "racist and untrue" sources contained in the anti-Semitic tract "The Protocols of the Elders of Zion."

The series, "Horse Without a Horseman," purports to tell the history of the Middle East from 1855 to 1917 through the eyes of an Egyptian who fought against the British and the Zionist movement. Its producers acknowledge that the series draws from "The Protocols," which portrays Jews as engaged in a long conspiracy to achieve world domination.

Officials at the State Department said Ambassador C. David Welch had raised concerns about the series with Safwat el-Sherif, minister of information in Egypt. The series has 41 parts and is to air during the month of Ramadan, the Muslim holiday of fasting, beginning next week.

Mr. Sherif has asserted that the series "contains nothing that can be considered anti-Semitic."

State Department officials declined to say specifically what Mr. Welch said, but one official said he expressed unhappiness about the airing of a program based on "racist and untrue" sources.

After reports in the United States about the series, the Anti-Defamation League, a group that combats anti-Semitism and other forms of racism and discrimination, called on Secretary of State Colin L. Powell to protest the airing of what it called the "latest manifestation of an ongoing pattern of anti-Semitic incitement in the Egyptian media."



Campaign against Egyptian TV series is intellectual terrorism daily
The Jordan Times
Agence France Presse AFP
November 4, 2002

An Egyptian government daily on Sunday denounced a US-Israeli campaign against a television series accused of being "anti-Semitic" as an attack on freedom of expression amounting to intellectual terrorism.

"Freedom of expression and artistic creation is a pillar of democracy which the United States and Western countries boast of and to submit an artistic or literary production to intellectual terrorism is a violation of the basic rules of democracy," Al Akhbar editor in chief Jalal Dweidar wrote.

"We reject this savage campaign ... led by the spokesmen of Zionist propaganda in Israel and in countries that support it, against a television series," the editorial said.

The campaign "seeks to remove our right to express our opinions," it added.

The US government and Jewish groups are objecting to plans by Arab television stations, including an Egyptian state-run channel, to broadcast the Egyptian production, "Horseman without a Horse," starting Wednesday, the beginning of the Holy Month of Ramadan.

The screenwriters admit the series draws from the 19th century tract, "The Protocols of the Elders of Zion," but deny charges that their production is "anti-Semitic."

The series tells the story of an Egyptian who leads the struggle against the British until he finds a book written in Russian that turns out to be the "Protocols of the Elders of Zion," which provides proof that the true enemy is not the British, but the "Elders of Zion," the screenwriters said.

"This campaign orchestrated by Israeli newspapers and the American media which are close to them is part of Israel's and its allies provocative practices against the world and against the Arabs," Dweidar wrote.

"They are trying to camouflage the crimes against humanity which are committed in the occupied Palestinian territories, whose daily victims are women, children and old people."

Egyptian government newspapers have for the last several days run editorials or government statements denouncing the campaign against the planned broadcast.

Egyptian Information Minister Safwat Al Sherif said last week that the series contained nothing which could be considered "anti-Semitic" and that his government embraced a policy rejecting attacks on religion.



The Paterson 'Protocols'
By Daniel Pipes
The New York Post
November 5, 2002

Arab Voice, an Arabic-language newspaper published weekly since 1993 from Main Street in Paterson, N.J., appears to be just another one of America's many ethnic publications.

Its news pages are replete with items about Palestinian travails and possible war with Iraq. Its featured columnist is James Zogby, president of the Arab American Institute. Its publisher, Walid Rabah, modestly describes himself as "an activist with the Palestinian Writer's Guild in the United States." Its pages are filled with ads hawking Arab-owned restaurants, travel agencies, real-estate offices, retail stores and doctors' offices.

It all appears achingly ordinary. But it is not.

For some weeks now, the Arab Voice has been serializing an Arabic-language version of "The Protocols of the Elders of Zion" in its pages (but not revealingly on, its Web site).

And "The Protocols" is no ordinary book.

It purports to be the secret transcription of a Zionist Congress that met in Switzerland in 1897, as taken down by a tsarist spy and first published in St. Petersburg in 1903.

At the meeting, Jewish leaders allegedly discussed their plans to establish Jewish "sovereignty over all the world." "The Protocols" includes their boasts of being "invincible" and plans to establish a "Super-Government Administration" that will "subdue all the nations."

In fact, "The Protocols" is a fabrication forged by the tsarist secret police, the Okhrana, in about 1898-99. This pseudo-document had limited impact until 20 years later, after World War I and the Russian Revolution, when a receptivity had developed for its message about a Jewish conspiracy to dominate the world.

"The Protocols" quickly became a best-seller on appearing in German translation in January 1920. The former German royal family helped defray publication costs, and deposed Kaiser Wilhelm II had portions of the book read out loud to dinner guests. Translations into other languages quickly followed. Henry Ford endorsed the book, as did The London Times.

Although the book's forged nature was established by 1921, somewhat reducing its appeal and reach (the Times and Ford both retracted their endorsements), it remained a powerful force. A 1926 study found that "no piece of modern literature has even approximated the circulation of 'The Protocols.'"

The historic importance of "The Protocols" lies in permitting anti-Semites to reach beyond their traditional circles and find a huge international audience. Its vagueness almost no names, dates or issues are specified was one key to this success. The purportedly Jewish authorship also helped to make the book more convincing.

Its facile embrace of contradiction Jews supposedly use all tools available, including capitalism and communism, philo-Semitism and anti-Semitism, democracy and tyranny made it possible for "The Protocols" to extend its insidious ideas to both rich and poor, Right and Left, Christian and Muslim, American and Japanese.

Its hold on the extreme right prompted a hitherto cautious Adolf Hitler to endorse the book, refer often to it and make it a centerpiece of Nazi Jew-hatred and a key argument in justifying his murder of 6 million Jews. In the words of historian Norman Cohn, "The Protocols" served as the Nazis' "warrant for genocide."

The forgery has since polluted public life wherever it appeared; as Italian novelist Umberto Eco explains, it was "self-generating; a blueprint that migrated from one conspiracy to another."

The process continues; this week, an Egyptian television station begins airing a 41-part blockbuster Ramadan special, "Knight Without a Horse" spreading "The Protocols' " defamation to a vast new audience and creating new legions of anti-Semites.

That a forgery that helped cause the Holocaust is now openly published in New Jersey points to two important realities:

* Arab and Muslim institutional life in the United States remains as radicalized after 9/11 as it was before.

* Arab and Muslim institutions are now the primary advocates of anti-Semitism worldwide, including in the West.

To prevent "The Protocols" from making further inroads in the United States, advertisers, James Zogby and the newspaper's printer must immediately and completely disassociate themselves from the Arab Voice.

In addition, Arab and Muslim groups in the United States must explicitly denounce "The Protocols" and condemn all those who forward it, whether the Arab Voice or Egyptian television.

Not to do so makes them complicit in the prejudice and villainy of this foul tract.



"The Protocols of the Elders of Zion" in Palestinian Authority ideology
By Itamar Marcus
Palestinian Media Watch Bulletin
November 5, 2002

The new Egyptian 40 part TV series connecting the State of Israel's founding to the principles of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion has sparked worldwide interest and outrage. This series may be one of the most widely watched Arab productions, as it will be broadcast every evening during the month of Ramadan "...on 22 Arab stations, among them Egypt 2, Syria, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Iraq, Lebanon and other Arab states.
[Official PA daily, Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, November 1, 2002]

Scenes from the Egyptian film can be viewed on our website by clicking the following link:


(These pictures are the depictions of Jews "The Elders of Zion" at their conspiratory meetings.)

This depiction of the infamous libel as a true Jewish conspiracy is not new to the residents of the Palestinian Authority [PA], where the "Protocols" has been presented as the reason for the creation of the State of Israel and the guide for Israeli policy. The Egyptian production likewise depicts the "Protocols" as the Zionist guide creating the State of Israel, as stage in ruling the world. The production describes how an Arab fighting the British discovered "The Protocols of the Elders of Zion" and realizes "that the true enemy is not the British. Zionist groups in Egypt learn that the book is in his possession and attempt to murder him in order to retrieve the book and prevent its distribution."
[Official PA daily, Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, November 1, 2002]

The following are examples of the use of the "Protocols" in PA media and education over recent years. It should be noted how the Palestinians, including academics, present the forgery as a truthful plot upon which Zionism is based. The final article below is from this week's official PA daily presenting its views about the TV series and the historical truth of the "Protocols".

1. The official PA daily in its "Political National Education" page, cited precise quotes from Protocols 2 and 12 to explain Israeli policy:

"Morale and psychological manipulation has a significant place in the minds of Jews, and formed a very important source of strength in the "Hebrew State" ... Dis-information has been one of the bases of morale and psychological manipulation among the Israelis ... The "Protocols of the Elders of Zion" did not ignore the importance of using propaganda to promote the Zionist goals.

"The second protocol reads: 'Through the newspapers we will have the means to propel and to influence'.

"In the twelfth protocol: 'Our governments will hold the reins of most of the newspapers, and through this plan we will possess the primary power to turn to public opinion.'
[Official PA daily, Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, January 25, 2001]

2. In this article as well the "Protocols" are presented as the Jews' road map in building Israel:
"Remember the history, oh Arabs!
"...I focused on important dates in the world of the Zionism and the Arabs:
"1. In 1897 the first Zionist Congress was held in Basel...
"2. In 1907 the actual immigration operation began...
"3. In 1917 the woeful declaration of Balfour was made...
"9. In 1977 the visit which shocked the Arab Nation occurred, the President of Egypt visited Israel...
"Every ten years, a vital aim is achieved. These are the Protocols of the Elders of Zion, of a century, from 1897 till 1997. They have planned and accomplished. Every ten years, another aim was achieved, proving their continuity and their power."
[Al Quds, July 10, 2001]

3. In this article in the official PA daily, America as well is following the dictates of the "Protocols"
"The hero of this movie, which concluded last Saturday, was the former American President Bill Clinton, and the theater of events, as we said, was the entire world including the Middle East ... out of prejudice in favor of a racist state that is foreign to it, that is the State of Israel, which, from the outset, could not have held its own if not for the continuous American efforts which incessantly implemented the Protocols of Zion ..."
[Official PA daily, Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, February 18, 2001]

4. Israeli military action is defined as following the script of the "Protocols"
"The purpose of the military policy is to impose this situation on the residents and force them to leave their homes, and this is done in the framework of the Protocols of Zion..."
[Official PA daily, Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, November 18, 2001]

5. The Jews changed the Bible, wrote the Talmud and concluded with the Protocols:
Sheikh Attiyeh Sahar, Chairman of the Department of Islamic Research in The Al-Zahar University:

"It must be known that this nation, the Jews, are willing of mind soul to alter their religion in order to attain their demands. This is rooted deep in their history.

"We know that after our master, Moses, delivered them from the hands of Pharaoh and took them through the sea; then they found a nation of idol-worshippers, and they said to Moses: 'make us a God like theirs'. They alienated the God that saved them and willed to worship idols... These things show us that these people, in order to attain their goals, are willing to turn away from their God and His Singularity, which was introduced to the world by their prophets. We also know that they changed the Bible and replaced it, because It does not serve their purposes, and they drafted the Talmud, as it is known, and came up, finally, with the Protocols of the Elders of Zion."
[Palestinian Authority TV, September 10, 2000]

6. PA academics and historians refer to the Protocols as a truthful Jewish plot on PA educational television.

Dr. Issam Sissalem, History professor at the Islamic University and host of an history program on PA educational TV:

A viewer, Dr., Attallah Abu Al-Farah, calling in: "Can there be, in practice, co-existence on Palestinian land between ourselves and the Jews, in light of their mentality which stems from the Protocols of the Elders of Zion, Dr. Issam?"
Sissalem: "This question comes from 'My Beloved Friend'. I say: Dr. Attallah, who is a learned expert..."

[Palestinian Authority TV, May 14, 1999]

7. The following is the recent article in the PA press referring to the circumstances of the discovery of the "Protocols" and the new Egyptian TV series.
"The Egyptian actor said to the France Press news agency that the series does not answer the question of truth or lie in the book "The Protocols of the Elders of Zion", and said 'What Israel is doing on the land of Palestine is more severe than the book... There are contradictory claims as to the truth of the book 'The Protocols of the Elders of Zion' and the widespread supposition is that in 1870 Russian intelligence uncovered a book of Jewish elders' plots to take control of the world. In Jewish circles, however, this is vehemently denied and they accuse the security apparatus of Czar Alexander II of having written the book in order to inflame anti-Semitism, which was prominent then in Russia...

"Subhi [main actor] added: 'I attach no importance to all that was said and will be said by the Americans and the Israelis, nor to the accusations directed at the series, and I am proud of the Egyptian government whose Minister of Information, Saffwat Al-Sharif, defends the freedom of artistic expression and thought.'

"Subhi said that the Minister of Information stressed that our society does not attack other religions. He clarified that the Egyptian Censorship Committee previewed the series and found nothing that counters our values or other religions.

"He added: 'We know that the book around which this storm rages was prohibited for a hundred years, because they were operating under cover, and now they are operating openly. However, we do not pass judgment on this book; whether it is truth or forgery. We direct our interest at the Zionist movement, which cast its net to rob a land from its people...

"Baghdadi [the writer] summarizes his position saying: 'we have no problem with the Jews, but we are against the Racism of the Zionists..."
[Official PA daily, Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, November 1, 2002]

All notes and summaries copyright © Tom Gross. All rights reserved.