* The Guardian opinion page: “The U.S. media have been captivated by Obama, at the expense of their curiosity and skepticism”
* Hanson: Sometime in 2008, journalism as we knew it died, and advocacy media took its place
* On the Slate journalists’ vote that went 96 % to Obama: “That’s an extraordinary turnout. I doubt that Obama will garner 96 % even in his home precinct of Hyde Park in Chicago”
* It’s 3 a.m. in the White House and the Prime Minister of Israel is calling...
1. The media voted long ago
2. The media “votes early and votes often”
3. Slate admits its writers voted Obama by 55-2
4. Nielsen: 33.6 million watched the Obama ad that McCain couldn’t afford
5. Politico: NBC, CBS, and ABC slanted coverage against Palin
6. As 3 newspapers endorse McCain, their reporters are dumped from “O-Force One”
7. “We have never quite seen anything like the current media infatuation with Obama”
8. “The media will never again be trusted to offer candid and nonpartisan coverage”
9. Additional note concerning the Jewish vote
10. “U.S. media [abandons their] curiosity and skepticism” (Guardian, Nov. 1 2008)
11. “The End of Journalism” (By Victor Davis Hanson, NRO, Oct. 31, 2008)
THE MEDIA VOTED LONG AGO
[Note by Tom Gross]
Because this website concentrates on media, as well as Middle East analysis, here are some final additional observations about the media coverage of the 2008 American presidential election.
If Barack Obama wins today, as seems likely, it will no doubt be an emotional moment for a person of color to assume the presidency after the often appalling treatment of black people throughout much of American (and world) history. However, I for one would be happier if Obama was winning from a level playing field in the media.
Even some in the liberal media have started to admit that they went too far in their pro-Obama stance. I attach pieces either in full or summary from liberal publications – The Guardian, Slate, (the influential Washington political insider magazine) Politico – all acknowledging to one degree or another that despite the record amount of media coverage in this election campaign, the public hasn’t been properly informed.
The left-of-center magazine Politico acknowledges that the only TV network that gave anywhere near equal time to the candidates was Fox News, which Politico says gave slightly more coverage to Obama than McCain. Every other large media publication or network slanted its coverage in Obama’s favor in what issues and information they chose to share with their audiences.
Now that the campaign is over, the centrist Politico has also acknowledged that its coverage wasn’t even-handed: 100 stories were more favorable to Obama; 69 to McCain, it says.
And a new study by The Project for Excellence in Journalism found that since the end of the party conventions, McCain has received four times as many negative stories as positive ones, whereas Obama had more than twice as many positive stories as McCain, and only a fraction of the negative ones.
THE MEDIA “VOTES EARLY AND VOTES OFTEN”
Harold Evans, a distinguished former editor of both the Sunday Times and Times (of London), writes in The Guardian:
“It’s fitting that the cynicism ‘vote early and vote often’ is commonly attributed to Chicago’s Democratic boss, mayor Richard Daley, who famously voted the graveyards in 1960 to help put John Kennedy in the White House. In this 2008 race, it’s the American media that have voted very early and often. They long ago elected the star graduate of Chicago’s Democratic machine, Barack Obama.
“I am not talking of editorials in newspapers, though Obama has the preponderance of the endorsements over John McCain. What’s troubling to anyone old-fashioned enough to care about standards in journalism is the news coverage in mainstream media...
“All the mainstream national outlets were extraordinarily slow to check Obama’s background... Let’s hope the consequences of electing ‘the one’ will be as wondrous as the press has led the voters to believe.”
Tom Gross adds: Congratulations to The Guardian for being open-minded enough to print this article. Would the liberal American media have printed it?
It is worth reading Evans’ piece in full (below). Among the media he criticizes for “twisting remarks” in favor of Obama is The New York Times.
Coming from Harold Evans, one of the most distinguished figures in journalism, who is by no means a conservative, perhaps New York Times editors would care for a little introspection now that the campaign is over.
Evans, who is a subscriber to this email list, also chastises parts of the media for the misogyny shown against Hillary Clinton.
(For my own article on the misogyny also shown against Sarah Palin, see here.)
NIELSEN: 33.6 MILLION WATCHED THE OBAMA AD THAT MCCAIN COULDN’T AFFORD
Hollywood Reporter writes: “If Barack Obama fails to win the election, perhaps the networks should hire him to entertain viewers on Wednesday nights. Obama’s 30-minute primetime infomercial was seen by 33.6 million viewers across seven networks – including CBS, NBC, Fox, Univision, MSNBC, BET, and TV One. That’s 70% more people than watched the conclusion of the World Series last night on Fox (19.8 million).”
Christopher Beam, writing in Slate, says: “Barack Obama’s half-hour infomercial Wednesday night didn’t teach us a lot we didn’t already know – except that an Obama administration would likely feature immaculate stagecraft.”
SLATE ADMITS ITS WRITERS VOTED OBAMA BY 55-2
Slate columnist Jack Shafer: “My personal experience confirms Michael Kinsley’s hunch that liberals flock to media jobs. In the 10 years that I hired at Washington City Paper and SF Weekly, only one reporter or editor job went to a self-identified conservative. I can’t be guilty of any pro-liberal bias partly because liberals tend to creep me out. Yet year after year, the best applicants were almost exclusively liberal.
Tom Gross adds: credit to the left-leaning Slate for admitting this, considering that in a separate survey this week among staffers and contributors at Slate, Obama got 55 of the 57 votes cast.
Shafer adds, concerning the Slate staff vote: “That’s an extraordinary turnout. I doubt that Obama will garner 96 percent even in his home precinct of Hyde Park [in Chicago]. Editor David Plotz theorizes that Obama polled so well at the magazine because 1) most of us live in extremely Democratic cities on the East and West coasts (as if geography was political destiny!); 2) the staff skews young, and all polls show younger voters favoring the Democrat; 3) several of the magazine’s contributors are Obama advisers; and 4) ‘we are all journalists,’ and liberals, as our beloved founder Michael Kinsley wrote in 2000, are naturally attracted to the profession.”
POLITICO: NBC, CBS, AND ABC SLANTED COVERAGE AGAINST PALIN
Media coverage of Republican vice presidential nominee Sarah Palin has been overwhelmingly negative according to a new study by the Culture and Media Institute. A survey of stories shown on NBC, CBS, and ABC between September 29 and October 12 revealed that negative stories about Palin were shown over positive stories at a rate of 18-1.
“The networks have successfully created a caricature of Sarah Palin that ignores her appeal, intelligence and accomplishments,” the Media Research Center president said.
During an interview on ABC’s “Good Morning America” Thursday, the Alaska governor said there is an “obvious double standard” in coverage of her.
For example, the media have focused relentlessly on her wardrobe while ignoring face-lifts and cosmetic procedures allegedly undertaken by Joe Biden. They have questioned the ability of a mother with young children to run for office, while they have not done so for a father with young children, like Barack Obama.
AS 3 NEWSPAPERS ENDORSE MCCAIN, THEIR REPORTERS ARE DUMPED FROM “THE O-FORCE ONE”
Three of the newspapers that defied the rest of the media and publicly endorsed McCain have had their reporters kicked off the Obama plane – or as The Christian Science Monitor calls it, “The O-Force One.”
The “Barack Obama for president campaign” said last weekend that there will no longer be room on its campaign plane for news reporters from the New York Post, the Dallas Morning News and the Washington Times, all papers which days earlier had endorsed John McCain. (Most other papers have endorsed Obama.)
“It feels like the journalistic equivalent of redistributing the wealth,” quipped John Solomon, executive editor of the Washington Times, which lost its seat after three years of travel with Senator Obama and just 72 hours after endorsing McCain.
Obama was apparently furious with the Washington Times after it revealed last week that he spent $700,000 of campaign donations collected from economically-hit Americans just on staging and lights alone, for his Berlin victory rally last summer for Germans who can’t vote in America.
The LA Times also reports that the Obama campaign urged supporters to clog a radio station’s phone lines and e-mail boxes because it gave air-time to an Obama critic.
“WE HAVE NEVER SEEN ANYTHING LIKE THE CURRENT MEDIA INFATUATION WITH OBAMA”
In the second article below, Victor Davis Hanson, a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution, writes:
“There have always been media biases and prejudices. Everyone knew that Walter Cronkite, from his gilded throne at CBS news, helped to alter the course of the Vietnam War, when, in the post-Tet depression, he prematurely declared the war unwinnable. Dan Rather’s career imploded when he knowingly promulgated a forged document that impugned the service record of George W. Bush. We’ve known for a long time – from various polling, and records of political donations of journalists themselves, as well as surveys of public perceptions – that the vast majority of journalists identify themselves as Democratic, and liberal in particular.
“Yet we have never quite seen anything like the current media infatuation with Barack Obama, and its collective desire not to raise key issues of concern to the American people...
“Imagine the reaction of the New York Times or the Washington Post had John McCain renounced his promise to participate in public campaign financing, proceeded instead to amass $600 million and outraise the publicly financed Barack Obama four-to-one, and begun airing special 30-minute unanswered infomercials during the last week of the campaign...
“THE MEDIA WILL NEVER AGAIN BE TRUSTED TO OFFER CANDID AND NONPARTISAN COVERAGE”
Hanson continues: “Imagine the reaction of Newsweek or Time had moose-hunting mom Sarah Palin claimed FDR went on television to address the nation as President in 1929, or warned America that our enemies abroad would test John McCain and that his response would result in a radical loss of his popularity at home...
“Imagine the reaction of CNN or NBC had John McCain’s pastor and spiritual advisor of 20 years been revealed as a white supremacist who damned a multiracial United States, or had he been a close acquaintance until 2005 of an unrepentant terrorist bomber of abortion clinics, or had McCain himself sued to eliminate congressional opponents by challenging the validity of African-American voters who signed petitions, or had both his primary and general election senatorial rivals imploded once their sealed divorce records were mysteriously leaked...
“The media has succeeded in shielding Barack Obama from journalistic scrutiny. It thereby irrevocably destroyed its own reputation and forfeited the trust that generations of others had so carefully acquired. And it will never again be trusted to offer candid and nonpartisan coverage of presidential candidates...” (Full article below.)
ADDITIONAL NOTE ABOUT THE JEWISH VOTE
For those interested, I’m quoted three times in this story from today’s Jerusalem Post: Experts agree Obama will win Jewish vote.
Also, some of you might be interested in this item of mine from last Thursday for National Review Online: First exit poll of actual American votes from Israel shows big McCain win.
In contrast to Jews living in America, who it seems will overwhelmingly vote Obama, the first exit poll of Americans in Israel (based on a sample of 817), showed 76 percent voted for McCain.
46% of registered Democrats living in Israel said they had crossed party lines to vote McCain. By contrast, the Republican crossover to Obama was minimal – just 2%.
I attach two pieces below.
-- Tom Gross
“MAD ABOUT THE ONE”
Mad about The One. The US media have been captivated by Obama, at the expense of their curiosity and scepticism
By Harold Evans
November 1, 2008
It’s fitting that the cynicism “vote early and vote often” is commonly attributed to Chicago’s Democratic boss, mayor Richard Daley, who famously voted the graveyards in 1960 to help put John Kennedy in the White House. In this 2008 race, it’s the American media that have voted very early and often. They long ago elected the star graduate of Chicago’s Democratic machine, Barack Obama.
I am not talking of editorials in newspapers, though Obama has the preponderance of the endorsements over John McCain. Obama certainly deserves the credit for recruiting impressive advisers and running a more efficient campaign machine than any one in the US’s political history.
What’s troubling to anyone old-fashioned enough to care about standards in journalism is the news coverage in mainstream media. Forget the old notions of objectivity, fairness, thoroughness, and so on. The nastiest rumours on both sides haven’t been published, but the coverage has been slavishly on the side of “the one”.
It has not just been anti-Republican. It goes without saying that after eight years of George Bush’s macho blunders, the disenchantment of even the conservative outlets was bound to show. Researchers at the Project for Excellence in Journalism report that in the six weeks since the Republican convention, McCain, once the darling of the media, got four times as many negative stories as positive ones. Meanwhile, Obama got twice as many positive stories as McCain. The website Politico has also acknowledged that it had loaded the dice against McCain: 100 stories were more favourable to Obama than McCain; 69 were the opposite.
But the press bias towards Obama doesn’t represent a simple revulsion for the Republican party. It was on display in the Democratic primaries with the persecution of Hillary Clinton. Worst of all, in the primaries, the press let the Obama campaign get away with continuous insinuations below the radar that the Clintons were race-baiters. Instead of exposing that absurd defamation for what it was - a nasty smear - the media sedulously propagated it.
Clinton made the historically correct and uncontroversial remark that civil rights legislation came about from a fusion of the dreams of Dr Martin Luther King and the legislative follow-through by President Lyndon Johnson. The New York Times misrepresented that as a disparagement of King, twisting her remarks to imply that “a black man needed the help of a white man to effect change”. This was one of a number of manipulations on race by the Obama campaign, amply documented by the leading Democratic historian, Princeton’s Sean Wilentz. Clinton came close to tears in a coffee shop in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, which many thought helped her to win an upset victory there. MSNBC television gave a platform to the Chicago congressmen, Jesse Jackson Jr, where he questioned her tears and claimed that she’d not shed any tears for the black victims of Katrina, and that she’d pay for that in the South Carolina primary, where 45% of the electorate would be African-Americans.
In fact, MSNBC ran a non-stop campaign for Obama propelled by the misogyny of its anchors, Chris Matthews, Keith Olbermann and David Shuster. Chelsea Clinton joining Clinton’s campaign prompted Shuster to report she was “pimping” for her mother.
Obamania has not been deflated one bit by the non-stop talkers on rightwing radio. They offer vituperation in place of enlightenment; paranoia in place of policies, and as such have little influence with the crucial independents.
On the web, the rightwing Drudge Report highlights anything that favours McCain, the Huffington Post does the same for Obama, and the more independent Slate has said only one of its staff intends to vote for McCain, the other 55 for Obama. Fox News has the vehement Sean Hannity paired with the mildly liberal Alan Colmes, not a fair match, but it has been more willing to investigate than CNN. In the Democratic primaries, there was a pattern on CNN where the short news videos of Clinton rarely let you hear what she was saying, but the short news videos of Obama let his words come through. I mentioned this to a CNN editor who said, “Oh, that’s our young video editors, they just find Obama more exciting.”
The young and affluent liberals have been captivated by Obama’s charisma, the unstated notion that electing a black man will be absolution for the years of discrimination and prejudice, and the expectation that Obama’s undoubted appeal to the outside world will repair America’s image. All understandable, but these emotions have been allowed to swamp the commonplace imperatives of journalism: curiosity and scepticism.
All the mainstream national outlets were extraordinarily slow to check Obama’s background. And until it became inescapable because of a video rant, they wouldn’t investigate the Reverend Jeremiah Wright connection for fear of being accused of racism. They wouldn’t explore Obama’s dealing with the corrupt, now convicted, Chicago businessman Tony Rezko. They haven’t investigated Obama’s pledge to get rid of the secret ballot in trade union affairs. After years of inveighing against “money in politics”, they’ve tolerated his breach of the pledge to restrict himself to public financing as McCain has done (to his cost). Now the LA Times refuses to release a possibly compromising video, which shows Obama praising Palestinian activist Rashid Khalidi at a 2003 banquet, saying its promises to its source prevent it from doing so.
The British press is notorious for political distortions, which more or less balance out. But the American press likes to think of itself as more superior and detached than it actually is. In 2000, the mainstream media did a great deal to elect George Bush by portraying Al Gore as a boastful liar.
Let’s hope the consequences of electing “the one” will be as wondrous as the press has led the voters to believe.
THE END OF JOURNALISM?
The End of Journalism. Sometime in 2008, journalism as we knew it died, and advocacy media took its place
By Victor Davis Hanson
The National Review
October 31, 2008
There have always been media biases and prejudices. Everyone knew that Walter Cronkite, from his gilded throne at CBS news, helped to alter the course of the Vietnam War, when, in the post-Tet depression, he prematurely declared the war unwinnable. Dan Rather’s career imploded when he knowingly promulgated a forged document that impugned the service record of George W. Bush. We’ve known for a long time – from various polling, and records of political donations of journalists themselves, as well as surveys of public perceptions – that the vast majority of journalists identify themselves as Democratic, and liberal in particular.
Yet we have never quite seen anything like the current media infatuation with Barack Obama, and its collective desire not to raise key issues of concern to the American people. Here were four areas of national interest that were largely ignored.
For years an axiom of the liberal establishment was the need for public campaign financing – and the corrosive role of private money in poisoning the election process. The most prominent Republican who crossed party lines to ensure the passage of national public campaign financing was John McCain – a maverick stance that cost him dearly among conservatives who resented bitterly federal interference in political expression.
In contrast, Barack Obama, remember, promised that he would accept both public funding and the limitations that went along with it, and would “aggressively pursue an agreement with the Republican nominee to preserve a publicly financed general election.” Then in June 2008, Obama abruptly reneged, bowing out entirely from government financing, the first presidential nominee in the general election to do that since the system was created in 1976.
Obama has now raised over $600 million, by far the largest campaign chest in American political history. In many states he enjoys a four-to-one advantage in campaign funding – most telling in his scheduled eleventh-hour, 30-minute specials that will not be answered by the publicly financed and poorer McCain campaign.
The story that the media chose to ignore was not merely the Obama about-face on public financing, or even the enormous amounts of money that he has raised – some of it under dubious circumstances involving foreign donors, prepaid credit cards, and false names. Instead, they were absolutely quiet about a historic end to liberal support for public financing.
For all practical purposes, public financing of the presidential general election is now dead. No Republican will ever agree to it again. No Democrat can ever again dare to defend a system destroyed by Obama. All future worries about the dangers of big money and big politics will fall on deaf ears.
Surely, there will come a time when the Democratic Party, whether for ethical or practical reasons, will sorely regret dismantling the very safeguards that for over three decades it had insisted were critical for the survival of the republic.
Imagine the reaction of the New York Times or the Washington Post had John McCain renounced his promise to participate in public campaign financing, proceeded instead to amass $600 million and outraise the publicly financed Barack Obama four-to-one, and begun airing special 30-minute unanswered infomercials during the last week of the campaign.
THE VP CANDIDATES
We know now almost all the details of Sarah Palin’s pregnancies, whether the trooper who tasered her nephew went to stun or half stun, the cost of her clothes, and her personal expenses – indeed, almost everything except how a mother of so many children gets elected councilwoman, mayor, and governor, routs an entrenched old-boy cadre, while maintaining near record levels of public support.
Yet the American public knows almost nothing of what it should about the extraordinary career of Joe Biden, the 36-year veteran of the Senate. In unprecedented fashion, Biden has simply avoided the press for most of the last two months, confident that the media instead would deconstruct almost every word of “good looking” Sarah Palin’s numerous interviews with mostly hostile interrogators.
By accepted standards of behavior, Biden has sadly proven wanting. He has committed almost every classical sin of character – plagiarism, false biography, racial insensitivity, and serial fabrication. And because of media silence, we don’t know whether he was kidding when he said America would not need to burn coal, or that Hizbullah was out of Lebanon, or that FDR addressed the nation on television as president in 1929 (surely a record for historical fictions in a single thought), or that the public would turn sour on Obama once he was challenged by our enemies abroad. In response, the media reported that the very public Sarah Palin was avoiding the press while the very private Joe Biden shunned interviews and was chained to the teleprompter.
For two months now, the media reaction to Biden’s inanity has been simply “that’s just ol’ Joe, now let’s turn to Palin,” who, in the space of two months, has been reduced from a popular successful governor to a backwoods creationist, who will ban books and champion white secessionist causes. The respective coverage of the two candidates is ironic in a variety of ways, but in one especially – almost every charge against Palin (that she is under wraps, untruthful, and inept) was applicable only to Biden.
So we are about to elect a vice president about whom we know only that he has been around a long time, but little else – and nothing at all why exactly Joe Biden says the most astounding and often lunatic things.
Imagine the reaction of Newsweek or Time had moose-hunting mom Sarah Palin claimed FDR went on television to address the nation as President in 1929, or warned America that our enemies abroad would test John McCain and that his response would result in a radical loss of his popularity at home.
THE PAST AS PRESENT
In 2004, few Americans knew Barack Obama. In 2008, they may elect him. Surely his past was of more interest than his present serial denials of it. Whatever the media’s feelings about the current Barack Obama, there should have been some story that the Obama of 2008 is radically different from the Obama who was largely consistent and predictable for the prior 30 years.
Each Obama metamorphosis in itself might be attributed to the normal evolution to the middle, as a candidate shifts from the primary to the general election. But in the case of Obama, we witnessed not a shift, but a complete transformation to an entirely new persona – in almost every imaginable sense of the word. Name an issue – FISA, NAFTA, guns, abortion, capital punishment, coal, nuclear power, drilling, Iran, Jerusalem, the surge – and Obama’s position today is not that of just a year ago.
Until 2005, Obama was in communication with Bill Ayers by e-mail and phone, despite Ayers reprehensible braggadocio in 2001 that he remained an unrepentant terrorist. Rev. Wright was an invaluable spiritual advisor – until spring of 2008. Father Pfleger was praised as an intimate friend in 2004 – and vanished off the radar in 2008. The media might have asked not just why these rather dubious figures were once so close to, and then so distant from, Obama; butwhy were there so many people like Rashid Khalidi and Tony Rezko in Obama’s past in the first place?
Behind the Olympian calm of Obama, there was always a rather disturbing record of extra-electoral politics completely ignored by the media. If one were disturbed by the present shenanigans of ACORN or the bizarre national call for Americans simply to skip work on election day to help elect Obama (who would pay for that?), one would only have to remember that in 1996 Obama took the extraordinary step of suing to eliminate all his primary rivals by challenging their petition signatures of mostly African-American voters.
In 2004, there was an even more remarkable chain of events in which the sealed divorce records of both his principle primary rival Blair Hull and general election foe, Jack Ryan, were mysteriously leaked, effectively ensuring Obama a Senate seat without serious opposition. These were not artifacts of a typical political career, but extraordinary events in themselves that might well have shed light on present campaign tactics – and yet largely remain unknown to the American people.
Imagine the reaction of CNN or NBC had John McCain’s pastor and spiritual advisor of 20 years been revealed as a white supremacist who damned a multiracial United States, or had he been a close acquaintance until 2005 of an unrepentant terrorist bomber of abortion clinics, or had McCain himself sued to eliminate congressional opponents by challenging the validity of African-American voters who signed petitions, or had both his primary and general election senatorial rivals imploded once their sealed divorce records were mysteriously leaked.
The eleventh-hour McCain allegations of Obama’s advocacy for a share-the-wealth socialism were generally ignored by the media, or if covered, written off as neo-McCarthyism. But there were two legitimate, but again neglected, issues.
The first was the nature of the Obama tax plan. The problem was not merely upping the income tax rates on those who made $250,000 (or was it $200,000, or was it $150,000, or both, or none?), but its aggregate effect in combination with lifting the FICA ceilings on high incomes on top of existing Medicare contributions and often high state income taxes.
In other words, Americans who live in high-tax, expensive states like a New York or California could in theory face collective confiscatory tax rates of 65 percent or so on much of their income. And, depending on the nature of Obama’s proposed tax exemptions, on the other end of the spectrum we might well see almost half the nation’s wage earners pay no federal income tax at all.
Questions arise, but were again not explored: How wise is it to exempt one out of every two income earners from any worry over how the nation gathers its federal income tax revenue? And when credits are added to the plan, are we now essentially not cutting or raising taxes, but simply diverting wealth from those who pay into the system to those who do not?
A practical effect of socialism is often defined as curbing productive incentives by ensuring the poorer need not endanger their exemptions and credits by seeking greater income; and discouraging the wealthy from seeking greater income, given that nearly two-thirds of additional wealth would be lost to taxes. Surely that discussion might have been of interest to the American people.
Second, the real story was not John McCain’s characterization of such plans, but both inadvertent, and serial descriptions of them, past and present, by Barack Obama himself. “Spreading the wealth around” gains currency when collated to past interviews in which Obama talked at length about, and in regret at, judicial impracticalities in accomplishing his own desire to redistribute income. “Tragedy” is frequent in the Obama vocabulary, but largely confined to two contexts: the tragic history of the United States (e.g., deemed analogous to that of Nazi Germany during World War II), and the tragic unwillingness or inability to use judicial means to correct economic inequality in non-democratic fashion.
In this regard, remember Obama’s revealing comment that he was interested only in “fairness” in increasing capital-gains taxes, despite the bothersome fact that past moderate reductions in rates had, in fact, brought in greater revenue to government. Again, fossilized ideology trumps empiricism.
Imagine the reaction of NPR and PBS had John McCain advocated something like abolishing all capital gains taxes, or repealing incomes taxes in favor of a national retail sales tax.
The media has succeeded in shielding Barack Obama from journalistic scrutiny. It thereby irrevocably destroyed its own reputation and forfeited the trust that generations of others had so carefully acquired. And it will never again be trusted to offer candid and nonpartisan coverage of presidential candidates.
Worse still, the suicide of both print and electronic journalism has ensured that, should Barack Obama be elected president, the public will only then learn what they should have known far earlier about their commander-in-chief – but in circumstances and from sources they may well regret.